Glaucoma

Raleigh, NC Glaucoma Diagnosis & Treatment

GlaucomaDid you know that glaucoma is the second most common cause of blindness in the United States? Glaucoma is an eye condition that increases intraocular pressure in the eyes; over time, it can damage the optic nerve, which carries visual information from the eye to the brain. This eye condition occurs most often in adults over age 40, but it can also occur in younger adults, children and even infants. For African Americans, glaucoma occurs more frequently at an earlier age with a great loss of vision.

You are at an increased risk of glaucoma if you:

  • Are of African American, Irish, Russian, Japanese, Hispanic, Inuit or Scandinavian descent
  • Are over age 40
  • Have a family history of glaucoma
  • Have poor vision
  • Have diabetes
  • Take certain steroid medications, such as prednisone
  • Have had trauma to one or both eyes

Our Raleigh, NC glaucoma doctors diagnose and treat glaucoma.

Types of Glaucoma We Treat

Open-Angle (Chronic) Glaucoma

As the most common form of glaucoma, this type is typically hereditary. With open-angle glaucoma, the intraocular pressure in the eye increases gradually over a period of years. The increase in pressure pushes on the optic nerve and the retina, causing damage.

Angle-Closure (Acute) Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma comes on quickly and causes a severe, painful increase of pressure in the eye. It occurs when the aqueous humor fluid cannot exit the eye due to a blockage. People who have had angle-closure glaucoma in one eye are at significant risk of it occurring in the other eye.

Congenital Glaucoma

This is a hereditary type of glaucoma that is present at birth. The cause of congenital glaucoma is an abnormal development of how the aqueous humor fluid exits the eye.

Pigmentary Glaucoma

This rare type of glaucoma is caused by the clogging of the eye’s drainage angle due to a pigment that has broken loose from the iris (colored part of the eye). The blockage causes an increase in intraocular pressure in the eye. It is most common in men who are nearsighted and in their 20-30’s.

Normal-Tension Glaucoma

This type of open-angle glaucoma is similar to open-angle glaucoma in that it can lead to visual field loss due to damage to the optic nerve. However, with normal-tension glaucoma, the eye’s intraocular pressure remains within the normal range. Pain with this form of glaucoma is unlikely and symptoms may not be recognized until damage is further along.

Secondary Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma is caused by medical conditions such as uveitis, systemic diseases and trauma, and can be triggered by certain drugs such as corticosteroids.

Glaucoma Diagnosis

Looking for a way to diagnose your glaucoma in Raleigh? Routine eye exams are the best way to monitor, screen, receive early diagnosis or prevent permanent eye damage that may be caused by your glaucoma. Our glaucoma specialists check your eye pressure and may also verify that the aqueous humor can drain freely from the eye with a test called a gonioscopy. If side vision loss is a concern, your doctor may perform visual field testing and examine the optic nerve for damage.

Glaucoma Treatment in Raleigh, NC

It is important to begin glaucoma treatment quickly after diagnosis. Treatment for glaucoma can as simple as applying eye drops or as complex as surgery. If eye drops are prescribed, it is essential that drops are not discontinued for any reason without first consulting your Raleigh eye doctor, as non-compliance to glaucoma medication administration is often the cause of blindness in those with glaucoma.

Schedule an Appointment With a Raleigh Glaucoma Specialist

If you are at risk for developing glaucoma, our Raleigh ophthalmologists suggest annual eye exams in order to receive the most effective treatment. Contact us at Raleigh Eye Center today to schedule your appointment.

Our ophthalmology center is proud to provide glaucoma treatment in Raleigh, NC and surrounding cities, including Apex, Cary, Chapel Hill, Durham, Fuquay-Varina, Garner and Wake Forest.