Understanding Infant Vision Development

Having a newborn baby can be a challenging experience especially for first time parents. Understanding infant vision development is important as the eye helps infants understand the world mentally, physically and emotionally.   

Babies are born with 20/400 vision, which means they see a font size of 400 at 20 feet clearly. They develop their vision over a span of 6-8 months because vision and brain development are linked.

Infant Vision Development:

Birth – Four Month

A baby can focus at about 8- 12 inches, which is enough to see a person’s face. Since they cannot focus properly, it may appear that their eyes often wander or cross and this is fine. By the third month, babies will be able to follow objects better and a toy, such as a rattle, will grab his or her attention quickly. By the fourth month, a baby has developed depth perception that helps locate objects with ease.

Fifth – Eighth Month

As the eyes begin to develop, eye movements are controlled lending to better coordination skills. Color vision is developed by the fifth month. Babies also understand object permanence (which means that they understand that objects hidden still exists) and enjoy the game of peakaboo. At the sixth month, babies are ready to visit the doctor for an eye exam. This will help ensure that your baby’s vision is developing properly and there are no signs of disease. By the eighth month, they begin to crawl and develop eye-hand-foot-body coordination. Your baby’s eyes have developed to almost full visual clarity.

By the twelth month of infancy, your baby has achieved adult-like vision. It is important to understand that children develop at their own rates and yearly eye exams should be scheduled. Call the Raleigh Eye Center to schedule and eye exam for your growing baby today.