Just about every part of your body changes as you age, including your eyes. That is why it is important to see an eye doctor in Raleigh on a regular basis. Cataracts are an eye problem that is very common among older people. Even though older people are not the only ones who are affected with cataracts, 50 percent of people will have this condition by the time that they are 80.
What Are Cataracts?
A cataract occurs when the lens of the eyes gets clouded. The lens is the part of the eye that helps focus light onto the retina. The lens has a tendency to degenerate as a person gets older. This degeneration can cause cloudy areas to form on the lens. Cataracts usually develop as the result of aging, but there are several other things that can cause cataracts to develop. Steroid use, diabetes and radiation exposure are some of the things that can cause cataracts to develop.
How To Diagnose Cataracts
Cataracts can be diagnosed during routine optical exams. Your eye doctor in Raleigh will use an eye chart to test your visual acuity. The doctor may also use a bright light in order to see if there are any changes in your iris, lens or cornea. Small areas of clouding can be detected by performing this test. Additionally, your eyes may be dilated also.
Cataracts Treatment Options
People who are in the early stages of cataracts may only have minor vision impairment. The doctor may recommend that you make simple adjustments in your lifestyle, such as getting an anti-glare coating put on your glasses for driving at night or using brighter lights when you read. He or she may also recommend routine eye exams in order to see whether your vision is getting worse.
Surgery is a cataracts treatment option that is often recommended. Just like any other surgery, cataract surgery does come with the risk of bleeding and infection. However, it is extremely safe and often performed in the United States.
It is important to monitor your eye health because cataracts can severely impair your vision. Routine optical exams can detect changes in your vision that may suggest cataracts.