Itchy and watery eyes are a common occurrence for people during the spring and autumn seasons, leading to seeking a remedy. Dealing with allergic reactions in the eyes on a daily basis makes it difficult to live a normal lifestyle while driving or using a computer. There are many different causes of eye allergies from a variety of substances that typically float through the air before landing on surfaces of the eyeballs or eyelids. Fortunately, our eye doctor in Raleigh can perform allergy testing to determine what a patient is sensitive to before prescribing treatment to alleviate annoying symptoms.
The conjunctiva of the eyeball is usually affected by an allergy trigger, but the irritation commonly spreads to the lower and upper lids of the eyes. The pollen present in the air during the spring season leads to excess tear production. The blood vessels in the eyeball and eyelids enlarge, leading to tissue that is red and swollen. The constant tearing also leads to an intense itching sensation. To stop the itchiness, individuals often rub at the inflamed eye tissue, making the condition worse. Itchy and watery eyes happen because of histamine production due to the mast cells that cause dilated blood vessels and inflammation.
In addition to pollen from spring plants, other causes of eye allergies include decaying plants in the autumn. Many people spend more time outside in the pleasant temperatures of the autumn and spring, leading to additional exposure to air pollution, pet dander and cigarette smoke. Hay fever is often diagnosed by our eye doctor in Raleigh as the reason for allergic reactions of the eye’s tissues. Hay is not the only spring or autumn plant that leads to eye inflammation. Various types of grasses located on lawns are often what an individual is sensitive to.
Before visiting our eye doctor in Raleigh for itchy and watery eyes, an individual should create a journal of when and where the irritation takes place. Making a list of plants in the area near a home or workplace can help a physician to pinpoint the causes of eye allergies. Solving the condition can take time because many individuals are hypersensitive to more than one substance. A physician can prescribe medications such as antihistamines in eye drop or tablet formats to provide relief for the discomfort of eye allergies.